Arts Curriculum


Vocabulary

Bird’s-eye view Perspective from above looking down (not from Merriam Webster)

Commission An authorization to perform prescribed acts; in the case of art, to be asked or to propose or compete to make artworks, often for a fee

Dada A movement in art and literature based on deliberate irrationality and negation of traditional artistic values

Design The way something has been made: the way the parts of something (such as a building, machine, book, etc.) are formed and arranged for a particular use, effect, etc.

Exposure In photography, refers to a single shutter cycle (not from Merriam Webster)

Facade The front of a building

Fascism A political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts nation and often race above the individual and that stands for a centralized autocratic government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation, and forcible suppression of opposition

Form The shape and structure of something as distinguished from its material

Function The special purpose or activity for which a thing exists or is used

Futurism A movement in the visual and performing arts, literature, advertising, and even cuisine begun in Italy about 1909 and marked especially by an effort to give formal expression to the dynamic energy and movement of modern and mechanical processes

Manifesto A written statement that describes the policies, goals, and opinions of a person or group

Metropolis A large or important city

Mural Large painting that is done directly on the surface of a wall

Onomatopoeia The use of words whose sound suggests their sense

Photogram A photographic image made by placing objects between light-sensitive paper and a light source

Simultaneity When more than one view of an object exists on a single plane or when more than one event occurs at the same time (not from Merriam Webster)

Superimpose To place or lay (something) over something else

Surrealism The principles, ideals, or practice of producing fantastic or incongruous imagery or effects in art, literature, film, or theater by means of unnatural or irrational juxtapositions and combinations

Transfiguration A change in form or appearance

Typographical Of or related to the style, arrangement, or appearance of printed letters on a page

Words-in-Freedom The Futurists’ poetic tactic of liberating words from syntax and grammatical structure (not from Merriam Webster)

(from Merriam-Webster unless otherwise noted)

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Italian Futurism, 1909–1944: Reconstructing the Universe related terms and additional resources

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