February 4–June 1, 2011
Abstract Art in which the elements—line, shape, texture, or color —rather than a recognizable object have been stressed.
Analytic Cubism This initial phase of Cubism (ca. 1908–12) refers to the “analysis” or “breaking down” of form and space. In this approach figures and objects are depicted in an austere, depersonalized pictorial style that employs a limited palette of ochres, browns, greens, grays, and blacks, which were considered less expressive than a full range of color. Sometimes the technique of papier collé (from the French coller, meaning to paste or glue), was used and fragmented pieces of newspaper, wallpaper, tickets, cigarette packages, and other everyday printed materials were incorporated into paintings.
Cubism A style of painting, developed between 1907 and 1914 as a collaboration between Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso, in which objects are represented as deconstructed cubes and other geometric shapes.
Impressionism A late-19th century art movement that dealt with the effects of light and color. Impressionist artists used these effects to capture the immediacy or “impression” of a moment.
Post–Impressionism A movement that embraced the idea of art as a process of formal design with purely expressive aims and included Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin (1848–1903), Georges Seurat, and Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890).