Architect An individual who designs and oversees the construction of a building.
Architecture The art and science of planning and building a structure; the elements of a building.
Avant-garde From a French military term meaning the “front line,” avant-garde art breaks with traditions and is considered radical and shocking when first introduced to the public.
“Form follows function” Phrase coined by architect Louis Sullivan, an early mentor of Frank Lloyd Wright. This principle states that the function, or utility, of a building should govern its design.
Geometric shapes Forms that look as though they were made with a ruler, compass, or other drawing tool, including circles, rectangles, triangles, and ovals.
Nonobjective art Art that uses forms, shapes, and colors that are invented rather than observed.
Rectilinear Consisting of straight lines.
Reinforced concrete Concrete with steel rods embedded within to provide additional strength and support.
Rotunda A circular room covered by a dome.
Spiral A curve that winds around a fixed center point at a continuously increasing or decreasing distance from the point.
Ziggurat A temple tower of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.