Designing a New Museum
Designing a New Museum
According to architectural critic Paul Goldberger, "Frank Lloyd Wright's Guggenheim Museum in New York forever altered the way people conceived of the modern museum.... More than any other postwar building [it] provided the example of the art museum as a magnetic, highly sculptural presence." (Guggenheim Magazine, Fall 1999, p. 45). Recent decades have seen a great increase both in the number of museums and the ways in which they are designed resulting in museums that are as important architecturally as for the art they contain.
Ask students to research on the internet some of the dramatic museum buildings that have opened to the public in recent decades. Some suggestions include:
- The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (Spain), Frank Gehry, Architect
- The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA, Richard Meier, Architect
- The Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (France), Renzo Piano & Richard Rogers, Architects
The book Toward a New Museum by Victoria Newhouse provides a compendium of trends in museum architecture worldwide.
The Guggenheim Museum in New York City was designed to exhibit a new type of art (non-objective art) in an innovative way. Ask your students what type of museum collection they would like to visit.
Some possibilities are:
Snow Boarding, Wrestling, Chairs, Televisions and Radios, Rock and Roll, Science Fiction, Fast Food, Fashion, Computers, Pets.
Students should feel free to choose their own theme for the collection.
List and describe some of the objects that would be part your exhibition.
- How would you want people to experience these objects?
- What would be the first object that visitors would encounter?
- What would the outside of the building look like? What would it be made from?
- How would you move through the gallery spaces?
Encourage students to create a few quick sketches for a museum design to house their unique collection. Have them discuss their drawings and get feedback on their ideas.
Next, have students create three-dimensional scale models of their revised design. Provide materials with interesting shapes and textures, including small pieces of wood, packing materials, cardboard, plastic cups, Mylar, acetate, paperclips, foil, glue, and tape.
When the drawings and models are complete, students should present their designs to the class.