Agnes Martin b. 1912, Macklin, Saskatchewan, Canada; d. 2004, Taos, New Mexico
Oil and graphite on linen
71 7/8 x 71 7/8 inches (182.6 x 182.6 cm)
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York Gift, Mr. Robert Elkon, 1969
2014 Agnes Martin / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Agnes Martin’s earliest experiments with abstraction were based on her observations of New Mexico’s desert terrain. By 1960, she had developed her signature grid pattern; the compositional motifs of these pristine, monochromatic paintings consist of a simple structure of interlocking horizontal and vertical lines in an almost exclusively 6-foot-square format. Unlike more rigidly formulaic Minimalist works, there is nothing systematic about Martin’s use of the grid. Her hand-drawn arrangement of coordinates shifts in scale and rhythm between works; the resulting geometry is never mechanical and often in opposition to the square canvas. The delicacy of Martin’s style—promoted by the artist’s frequent use of light, graphite lines in works such as White Stone (1964)—masks her impulse toward stringent formal equality. This painting’s freely drawn grids; fragile, almost dissolving lines; and hushed tone encourage quiet contemplation in order for the subtleties of the composition to be revealed.